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You Need To Know
Help us spread the word of these unknown dangers we all face
DRUG SLANG FOR TEENS
Triple C: This stands
for Coricidin HBP Cough and Cold. "The triple C or CCC is something that
we are seeing a lot of, and that is specific to Coricidin, but anything
with DXM is abused today," adds Kevin M. Gray, MD, an assistant
professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Medical
University of South Carolina in
Crank: The stimulant
methamphetamine. Synonyms include meth, speed, chalk, white cross, fire,
and glass. "
Crunk: This is a verb
that means to get high and drunk at the same time.
Synonyms include Charlie, crack, coke, dust, flake, freebase, lady, nose
candy, powder, rock, rails, snowbirds, toot, white, and yahoo, according
to Phoenix House. "After all this time, alcohol and pot are still the
most used drugs by teens, but cocaine is really a strong third,
especially with females, because of the weight issue," says Janice Styer,
MSW, a clinical coordinator-addictions counselor at Caron Treatment
Center in Wernersville, Pa. "The drug of choice among women with eating
disorders is almost invariably cocaine." A stimulant, cocaine can
X: Ecstasy or
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Synonyms include Adam, E,
bean, clarity, essence, lovers speed, MDMA, roll, stacy, XTC, according
to the Phoenix House.
Roofies: This refers
to rohypnol, a.k.a. the date rape drug. Synonyms include the forget
pill, La Rocha, Mexican valium, R-2, rib, roachies, roofenol, rophies,
roche (pronounced roe-shay), and rope.
Kibbles and bits: The
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drug called Ritalin. It
is sometimes also referred to as pineapple, says Pollock.
The new drug - Salvia
Ecstasy Now Being Mixed With Meth
(Feb. 19) - Nick, 16, says ecstasy is rampant in his high school, with
kids often mixing the drug with meth and other substances.
More than half of all ecstasy seized in the
"You just have to know the right person. It's about as easy as any other drug. You just gotta ask for it," says Nick, who asked that his last name not be used. "It's easy to get."
Law enforcement officials say stories like these highlight a disturbing trend they're seeing across the country. Most alarming, they say, is not only is ecstasy back after years of decline, but most of the time it's laced with meth.
More than 55 percent of the ecstasy samples seized in the
Almost 5.5 million pills of ecstasy were seized in the states bordering
"They drive them in. They bring them in by boat. They bring them in by plane. They bring them across by people just carrying them across their back much like the southwest border," says Ed Duffy, an assistant special agent in charge for the Drug Enforcement Administration's northern region.
Because meth is less expensive than ecstasy, mixing the two saves producers money, but it also makes it more dangerous, officials say.
Ecstasy can cause sharp increases in body temperature and can result in liver, kidney or heart damage. When laced with meth, officials say, the combination can cause more severe harm because meth can damage brain functions, as well as lead to an increase in breathing, irregular heartbeats and increased blood pressure. The National Institute on Drug Abuse says meth -- or methamphetamine -- is a "very addictive stimulant drug."
Law enforcement officials say European countries cracked down on ecstasy production in the early 2000s and manufacturing moved to
Finished pills are then pushed in vast quantities into the
Those on the front lines in
The Mounties have created teams across
"The labs that we're finding now are what you refer to in the
Each lab produces more than 10 pounds of ecstasy in one batch, he says. "It's not your mom and pop operation. It tells me that it is criminal organizations that are, yes, more sophisticated and producing it for profit as opposed to producing it to fuel their habit."
It's then finding its way into schools, like Nick's in
"I have been seeing an increase in pill use among the teens in general," says Greg Reid, a counselor at Equinox Community Services Agency, which sponsors drug counseling and other activities for youth in
"They do something called 'pharming' where they throw a bunch of pills into a bowl and kind of choose or take out the pills they want."
Ecstasy pills are often among the drugs of choice in the bowl.
"I have seen that increase in the past two years," Reid says. "Ecstasy ... can be very dangerous, especially if you don't know what it is getting mixed with."
Ecstasy “Did You Know”
Released January 3, 2007
The dangerous poly-drug combination of methamphetamine and Ecstasy can have severe health consequences, especially as both drugs have toxic effects on the brain. They both can interfere with the body's ability to regulate temperature, leading to sharp increases in body temperature (hyperthermia), which can result in liver, kidney, and cardiovascular system failure and death. The potential for a life-threatening or fatal overdose is also increased when meth-laced Ecstasy is combined with alcohol. Recent laboratory research suggests that Ecstasy and meth combinations may produce greater adverse neurochemical and behavioral effects than either drug alone.
John Walters, the Nation's “Drug Czar,” said, “This
‘Extreme Ecstasy' is a disturbing development in what has been one of
the most significant international achievements against the illicit drug
trade. Historic progress against Ecstasy availability and use is in
jeopardy of being rolled back by Canadian criminal organizations.
Desperate to develop their client base, they are dangerously altering a
product for which demand by youth and young adults had plummeted, and
are exploiting vulnerabilities along our shared border. This is alarming
for the youth of both
Ecstasy use in the United States rose in the late
1990s with the rise of the ‘Rave' culture, however due to the
well-coordinated national and international response - Ecstasy use in
the U.S. diminished in the early 2000s. In fact, the
And while still lower than its peak in 2002,
past-month Ecstasy use has been increasing over the last two years among
young adults aged 18-25. An estimated 326,000 young adults reported
past-month Ecstasy use in 2006, compared to 231,000 in 2004. These
increases coincide with increased trafficking of Ecstasy from
Prior to 2003, Europe (primarily The Netherlands and
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) estimates
that the current combined production capacity of Canadian Ecstasy
laboratories exceeds 2 million tablets per week. Federal, State, and
local law enforcement agencies along the U.S.–Canada border report large
increases in the flow of Ecstasy from
Alarmingly, more than 55 percent of the Ecstasy
samples seized in the
Federal law enforcement officers are working with the RCMP to put greater pressure on Canadian Ecstasy producers through increased intelligence sharing and coordinated enforcement operations, and RCMP officials are focusing their efforts on the importation of precursor chemicals used in drug production. In the meantime, Director Walters is urging State and local public health officials to reinvigorate their prevention efforts, to enhance educational outreach to youth, parents, school systems, emergency departments, medical examiners, poison control centers, and law enforcement agencies regarding the hazards of Ecstasy and methamphetamine, to shore up treatment systems to look for and address the unique and well known challenges of meth addiction.
“We cannot allow our young people to once again be victimized by the ‘Rave' culture, ‘designer' drugs, or the myth that drug use is safe,” said Director Walters. “We cannot afford to be complacent with the progress made against Ecstasy since 2001. Just as we must teach new generations of children to read, we must continue to educate new generations of young people on the harms of drug use.”
Released April 29, 2007
The collapse of a teenage clubber after taking a tablet containing 1-benzylpiperazine has highlighted the dangers of this new drug of abuse which many doctors are unfamiliar with, details a Case Report in the Lancet.
It was during a weekend in May 2006 that an 18-year-old girl was rushed to the emergency department of a London (UK) hospital, having collapsed in a nightclub after taking tablets she had bought from a drug dealer.
The girl was one of seven patients admitted to the
department with similar symptoms (high blood pressure, Glasgow Coma
rating of 15 and low body temperature of 35.9 degrees Celsius), and
analysis of her blood and a subsequently seized tablet both revealed
presence of 1-benzylpiperazine. Dr David Wood, Department of Clinical
Toxicology, Guy’s and
The girl was treated with intravenous lorazepam and diazepam for her agitation, and was discharged after 12 hours with a warning to avoid recreational drugs.
Piperazines were developed as veterinary anthelmintic
(worm removing) agents in the 1950s, and have chemical structures
similar to amphetamine (also spelt amfetamine). They are marketed in the
The manufacturers of these drugs claim that 20
million pills containing piperazines have been consumed in
The authors conclude: “Clinicians should be aware of the potential presenting features of piperazine toxicity, particularly because commercially available urine toxicological screen kits for drugs of abuse may not detect piperazines.”
In an accompanying comment, Dr Roland Staack, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ludwig Maximillian’s University, Munich, Germany, says that Piperazines and amphetamines are similarly marketed, consumed by the same population and show similar pharmacological symptoms.
He says: “Wood and colleagues case report is an excellent example to raise clinicians’ awareness of new drugs of abuse and substantiates the importance of a sound toxicological analysis for a correct clinical diagnosis.”
Adapted from materials provided by The Lancet.
Released November 16, 2001
newest rage among college students and teens is mixing energy drinks
with alcohol, a potentially dangerous combination, says a
Mixing powerful stimulants contained in some energy drinks with depressants in alcohol could cause cardiopulmonary or cardiovascular failures, said David Pearson, a researcher in the Human Performance Laboratory.
"It is scary to think that these energy drinks are being used as a mixer with vodka and whiskey," he said. "You are just overloading the body with heavy stimulants and heavy depressants."
Pearson, coordinator of exercise science programs, is the author of "Ask Dr. Dave," a column for MH-18 magazine and MH-18.com, its online version. The publications are a spin-off of Men's Health from Rodale Press and are aimed at male teens.
"I think we are going down the same road as when people drink alcohol and ingest ecstasy and other types of designer drugs," he said. "Some people physically cannot take the combination."
Energy drinks are the latest popular fad among
Most energy drinks contain large doses of caffeine and other legal stimulants including ephedrine, guarana, taurine and ginseng. Such drinks are being marketed to people 30 and younger.
Little research has been done to determine if energy drinks are helpful or harmful. The NCAA and some professional sports leagues have banned such stimulants, Pearson said.
"There is a feeling of empowerment after a person drinks one of these," Pearson said. "It is a real big wallop of legal stimulants. The effects can last up to 12 hours.
"Because they are legal and sold over the counter just like cans of pop, kids who have been raised on caffeine-based drinks think they are perfectly fine," he said. "We are just now learning the negative effects of caffeine on the human body. We believe it may cause a decline in the body's immune system."
Adapted from materials provided by Ball State University.
Issue Date 1/13/05
Issue Date 1/13/05
The future of a new controversial vaporized form of hard alcohol is still up in the air, as doctors, legislators, and educators weigh in on this new way to consume alcohol.
Last week state Sen. Bob Hagedorn introduced a bill that if passed would create a statewide ban on "alcohol without liquid" (AWOL) devices.
AWOL is marketed as new low-calorie, low-carbohydrate, glassless way to drink hard alcohol. The manufacturer even claims the device is the "ultimate party tool." The company's claims include reducing the effects of hangovers and vomiting.
An oxygen generator and a hand-held vaporizer comprise the device. A shot of hard alcohol is poured into the vaporizer, which transforms the alcohol into a mist. The alcoholic mist is then mixed with the oxygen and then inhaled by the user.
Many people from around the state argue that there are too many risks
associated with the device, and whether the ultimate party tool has a
AWOL did not return the Colorado Daily's phone calls by press time.
Opponents of AWOL argue that with traditional forms of drinking, one has at least a rudimentary formula to calculate how much alcohol is in their system. One can calculate how much alcohol is in beer and wine, and most even have some idea of the alcohol content of mixed drinks, according to opponents of AWOL.
"What it does is it makes the ingestion of alcohol into the system more efficient; it is a quicker way to get drunk," said Bob Maust, vice-chancellor of student affair's alcohol program at CU-Boulder. "It is more dangerous, because your body wouldn't be giving you the feedback until it is too late."
Vaporized alcohol first made an appearance in the
"It is an incredibly dangerous way to get alcohol into the system," said Hagedorn. "The individual has no control over how much alcohol they are putting into their brain."
Binge drinkers will likely suffer critical side effects more quickly than those who binge-drink in traditional ways.
"The concern is that, if you get a very high dose very quickly and is then cleared from the system, the chance for seizure is significantly increased," said Ivor Douglas, M.D., Assistant Professor of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Director of the Medical Intensive Care at Denver Health and University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.
Health officials are not just worried about the intake of liquor, but the intake of toxins in spirits.
"When you buy spirit alcohol that is not pure alcohol, it is a
combination of extracted alkaloids from other plants," said
"Essentially what you are inhaling is not just alcohol -- it is
potentially a very noxious combination of bad stuff. A lot of those
other alkaloids are very potent things that would go in your bowels and
not be absorbed, they would pass right through. When you inhale them,
you have the opportunity to absorb that other stuff as well," said
Implications of the new method may also impact drivers. Medical experts say there is a chance that breathalyzers may not be accurate when one uses AWOL to consume alcohol.
"What is going to happen is that people will take a hit of this, and
are going to feel really drunk after a small amount of alcohol," said
The product is so new that some federal agencies are not even sure if they have oversight over the product.
"As for the regulation issue," said Kathleen K. Quinn, director of media relations for the Food and Drug Administration, "depending on the marketing, intended use, and product it may be something that could fall under FDA purview."
The Alcohol Tax and Trade Bureau has already conducted its own internal tests of AWOL to see if the product fell under their jurisdiction.
"It is a delivery device, so it does not fall under federal jurisdiction for alcohol beverages," said Art Resnick, director of media affairs for the Alcohol Tax and Trade Bureau. "For it to fall under federal jurisdiction the product would have to act as a 'still.' If it is a device to make distilled spirits then it would require licensing and could only be used on certain premises, we would have all kinds of jurisdiction over the 'still.'"
With no current federal oversight, it is up to each individual state to take action if deemed necessary.
"I think it will have favorable results in the legislature," said Hagedorn. "Also, I have had some very good feelings from Governor Owens' own record that he would sign the bill into law."
"Most people like to see themselves as sophisticated risk-takers, and that is a nice self-image, but that can be delusional," said Maust.
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